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District Of Columbia

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Diagnose presence and stage of diseases using laboratory techniques and patient specimens. Study the nature, cause, and development of diseases. May perform autopsies.

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Currently Employed: 2,060

Projected Annual Job Openings: 60

Typical Hourly Wage: $32.67 - $80+

Typical Annual Salary: $68,000 - $166,400+

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typical training

Typical education needed for entry: Doctoral or professional degree

Typical work experience needed for a job in this occupation: None

Typical on-the-job training once you have a job in this occupation: Internship/residency

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typical job duties

  • Examine microscopic samples to identify diseases or other abnormalities.
  • Diagnose diseases or study medical conditions using techniques such as gross pathology, histology, cytology, cytopathology, clinical chemistry, immunology, flow cytometry, and molecular biology.
  • Write pathology reports summarizing analyses, results, and conclusions.
  • Identify the etiology, pathogenesis, morphological change, and clinical significance of diseases.
  • Analyze and interpret results from tests such as microbial or parasite tests, urine analyses, hormonal assays, fine needle aspirations (FNAs), and polymerase chain reactions (PCRs).
  • Communicate pathologic findings to surgeons or other physicians.
  • Diagnose infections, such as Hepatitis B and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), by conducting tests to detect the antibodies that patients' immune systems make to fight such infections.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in pathology.
  • Consult with physicians about ordering and interpreting tests or providing treatments.
  • Conduct genetic analyses of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or chromosomes to diagnose small biopsies and cell samples.

tools & technology

  • Dropping pipettes
  • Immunology analyzers
  • Microtomes
  • Non vacuum blood collection tubes or containers
  • Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers

  • Accounting software
  • Information retrieval or search software
  • Medical software

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